THE ISAFIS NEWSLETTER #2: Escaping the Crisis: Zimbabwe’s New Gold-Backed Currency

Published by ISAFIS on

Written by: Nicholas Erwid Wu

Moneter Crisis in Zimbabwe

At the start of Zimbabwe freedom, this nation had a financial commitment and notable potential in Africa. The nation had an advanced foundation and an expanded economy that put it aside from a large number of its neighbors. One of the foundations of this early success was its agriculture, which was its area of strength, especially the production of wheat and tobacco. This early achievement, be that as it may, started to disentangle during the 1990s. The downfall was accelerated by forceful defilement inside the public authority. Defilement dissolved public trust and redirected assets from fundamental public administrations and foundations under the control of a couple. In addition, Zimbabwe’s costly contribution in the Second Congo War and various questionable approaches, for example, land changes that designated white-possessed ranches, further undermined the economy. These changes, while planned to address verifiable corruption, were executed in a way that disturbed farming efficiency and prompted boundless monetary separation, with the Zimbabwean dollar (ZWD) losing critical value because of unreasonable cash printing. The public authority claimed that his action was taken to fund military activity in the Republic of Congo and to import food to ease food deficiencies.

The public authority of Zimbabwe’s reliance on cash printing as a monetary methodology features a basic part of financial strategy that has significant consequences for a country’s economy. Printing cash is a customary instrument utilized by national banks overall and its application requires cautious and vital administration. For instance, Indonesia national banks print cash to satisfy the need for actual money and to help monetary development and strength. At the point when these national banks print new cash, they frequently at the same time pull out old or harmed cash from flow to keep a decent supply. Also, they utilize different money related strategy instruments, for example, loan fee changes and open market activities, to control expansion and balance out the economy.

Zimbabwe’s way to deal with cash printing has been especially impractical. Confronted with mounting monetary tensions, Zimbabwe government went to the national bank to fund its uses, remembering exorbitant military commitment for the Republic of Congo and homegrown spending that frequently included individual extravagances for government authorities. This extreme and uncontrolled printing of cash, didn’t fit with administrative measures found in additional steady economies, prompted serious inflationary tensions. As more cash entered the economy without comparing expansion in labor and products, the worth of the Zimbabwean dollar went down. This depreciation spiraled into out of control inflation, making costs of regular labor and products increase significantly, actually eradicating the buying force of conventional residents. The results of this blunder created excessive inflation that dissolved investment funds, disturbed financial preparation, and prompted far reaching neediness and monetary instability. Organizations attempted to work in a climate of steady cost increments, and the generally financial efficiency declined pointedly. The monetary breakdown that resulted left Zimbabwe wrestling with a broken economy that has demonstrated hard to modify.

In April 2024, Zimbabwe introduced gold-upheld money to balance out its economy and check excessive inflation. While this move means to reestablish trust in the money related framework, specialists caution it won’t determine fundamental issues without extensive changes. Enduring recuperation requires strong measures to battle defilement, guarantee financial discipline, and further develop administration and money related approach. The national bank should take on systems to control expansion and settle the cash. Generally speaking, Zimbabwe needs critical political and institutional changes to accomplish monetary soundness and recapture public and worldwide trust.


Nazharane – COD
The situation in Zimbabwe is a vital lesson for the young generation about the impact of governance and economic policies. Initially, Zimbabwe thrived with a strong agricultural sector and diverse economy. However, corruption, mismanaged land reforms, and excessive military spending led to economic collapse and hyperinflation. This demonstrates the dangers of poor governance and financial mismanagement. The recent move to stabilize the economy with gold-backed currency highlights the need for transparency, accountability, and sound policies. For sustainable growth, comprehensive reforms are essential. Young people must understand these issues as they will shape the future stability and prosperity of their nations.


Knowledge for Policy. “Zimbabwe Economic Update- December 2023 | Knowledge for Policy,” December 15, 2023.

Media, Kompas Cyber. “Pajak Inflasi Dalam Kolapsnya Mata Uang Zimbabwe Halaman All.”, May 13, 2024.

Riddell, Roger C. “Zimbabwe: The Economy Four Years after Independence.” African Affairs 83, no. 333 (1984): 463–76.

River Financial. “The History of Monetary Collapse in Zimbabwe | River Learn – Bitcoin Markets.” River Financial, 2023.

World Bank. “The World Bank in Zimbabwe.” World Bank, October 3, 2022.


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