AIM Project

About AIM Project

AIM Project is a student-run-organization within Keio University in Japan which focuses on producing an educational and academic trip for Indonesian students to visit Japan and spend 10 days with Japanese students for a deeper understanding of mutual relations. This program mainly consists of academic activities such as discussions with Japanese Students of Keio University and business experts. This program also give delegates experience of Indonesian and Japanese culture.

The student-run-organization is called Institute of International Relations (IIR). IIR motto is producing students who can play a role in the international society. In 1956, IIR was launched on the occasion of a letter from Stanford University. Nowadays, IIR are officially supported  by Keio University and IIR create opportunities to improve international friendship and mutual undertanding for student not only in IIR but also everyone in the Keio University.

One of the many extraordinary memories AIM Project share from last year program is when the Indonesians and the Japanese students made each other their country’s traditional food. Indonesian students made the Japanese “Nasi Goreng” and the Japanese made the Indonesians Takoyaki in return.

AIM Project is an amazing way to experience, share, and learn about Indonesia and Japanese culture between youths. Hope this program will strengthen Indonesian and Japanese students relationship, furthermore could be a way to initiate collaboration between youths.

AIM Project 2019

Report of AIM Project 2019   

This year, ISAFIS sent 7 delegates to participate in AIM Project 2019, organized by Institute of International Relation (IIR) Keio University. It held start from 21st – 30th June 2019 which main activities are company visits, short trip to Hakone, and many cultural experiences.

Here are some reports of AIM Project 2019:

Opening Day

First day was an opening day, the Indonesians and the Japanese introduced themselves in a fun way. The Indonesians presented fun facts about Indonesia. After that, they played some games and ate dinner together. Indonesians were also given questions to answer at the end of the program.

Asakusa Day

On the next day, they have Asakusa Day. They went sightseeing around Tokyo and experienced both ancient and modern sides of Japan. They visited Edo Tokyo Museum, Asakusa Sensoji Temple, and Tokyo Skytree. They were divided into groups and given tasks to complete. It was a fun day, everyone!

Yokohama Day

Day three is Yokohama Day! In Yokohama, they went to Cup Noodle Museum to create their own customized cup noodle, snapped purikura in CosmoWorld, ate street foods in Chinatown, and took photos in relaxing Yamashita Park.

Inbound Day

Day four they experienced Inbound Day. They had the privilege to be involved in a lively discussion with JTB, one of Japan’s leading travel agency, regarding tourism and its impact towards a nation’s international affairs. We discussed about issues faced by Japan and Indonesia regarding their respective tourism. Furthermore, they were given a case study of Ibaraki Prefecture tourism development so we could further map the problem and give effective solutions for the issue.

Future Language Day

Future Language Day finally come on the fifth day. They again had the privilege to be engaged in a brainstorming session with UDS Ltd. Japan. UDS, as a consulting company, uses future language to analyze problems and construct ideas. Future language is a new method to design future communities by mapping and interconnecting four aspects: ideal condition, problem, means, and solution. They were introduced with the future language method and implemented it on a case study regarding an ideal Jakarta in 10 years time.

Kamakura Day

Kamakura Day is on the sixth day. They went very early to visit Kamakura. There, they visited Enkakuji Temple, the Great Buddha in Kotoku-in, and Hasedera Temple. We saw many hydrangea flowers in Kamkura which Japanese called them by Ajisai, the same way Indonesian calls it.

Diversity Day

On the seventh day they had a  Diversity Day. They were given the privilege to engage in discussion with Accenture, Japan’s emerging consulting firm. They were given case study on how to promote the importance of diversity in a working atmosphere. They came up with different ideas, summarized it, and presented the solution. After that, their ideas were reviewed and they managed to earn new outlooks on how to solve things creatively and effectively.

Keio Day

Keio Day had finally arrived! On the Day eight, they had opportunity to visit Keio University in Hiyoshi. They stopped by the Institute of International Relations Headquarter and conversed with some IIR members. They were invited to participate in the famous Japanese tea ceremony. They joined IIR weekly meeting and played some games.

Day 9 is a Hakone Day. They went on a short trip to Hakone and make their first stop at Japanese Traditional Craft Store and tried to make their own crafts. After that, they visitred the famous Hakone Shrine. They also went to onsen since Hakone is the city of onsesns! At night, they cooked each other food from Japan and Indonesia. They stayed up late talking, joking, and playing games. Many Japanese tried bon cabe for games punishment.

Indonesian Delegates
Japanese Delegates

Finally, last day is a farewell day. They did recap of the past 10 days, express their understanding on real, and exchange gifts. AIM project 109 is officially ended and ready to greet you in the future.

 

JMUN 2018

Jakarta Model United Nations 2018

Jakarta MUN is an annual conference held by Indonesian Student Association for International Studies (ISAFIS) which was first held in 2011, becoming the pioneer of MUN conferences in Indonesia. JMUN offers an opportunity for youth to experience the challenges of international negotiation and diplomacy. In JMUN, participants will act as a diplomat from a particular country in discussing international issues, simulating the process that occurs at a UN conference.

Since JMUN 2018, JMUN uses the UN4MUN procedure. This approach puts diplomacy back at the center of Model UN and corrects the inaccuracies of most Model UN in the world. JMUN 2018 held starts from 9th until 12th of August 2018. JMUN 2018 bring the theme titled “Advancing Sustainable Development Through Diplomacy”.

Opening Ceremony JMUN 2018

The first day marks by opening remarks by Mr. Collie Brown as Country Manager of UNODC, Mr. Angga as a Representative of UNFPA, Mrs. Silvia Dian Anggraeni as Representative of Pertamina University, Kenneth Nicholas as Project Director of Jakarta MUN 2018, and Naufal Musri as Secretary General of Jakarta MUN 2019. All delegares also equipped with Training Session of UN4MUN procedure to begin all session for the entire programme.

Committee Session

On the second day, JMUN 2018 had three committee sessions for each committee. Started by the formal meetings, the Vienna Formula ended the conference today. JMUN 2018 had 4 councils there are:

1. Disarmament and International Security council bring the topic of Prohibition of The DUmping of Radioactive Wastes

2. Economic and Financial council bring the topic of Agricultural Development, Food Security, and Nutrition

3. Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural council bring the topic of Social development, including questions relating to the world, social situation of youth, ageing, disabled persons, and the family

4. Legal committee bring the topiv of the scope of and application of the principle of universal jurisdiction

Photo Group of Legal Chamber

Third day, JMUN 2018 had committee session in the day and cultural night in the night. All delegates are excited to know about Betawi Culture that promoted by Abang None Jakarta.

Closing Ceremony JMUN 2018

Last day of JMUN 2018 had the Closing Ceremony agenda that collaborated with celebration of International Youth Day 2018. It held at National Library of Indonesia along with all the delegates and committee.

Abang None performs at Closing Ceremony

In the previous years, JMUN has gathered hundreds of students annually, some of which hail from USA, UK, India, New Zealand, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore, Laos, Philippines, Thailand, Ghana, Afghanistan and many more, offering them substantive debates and negotiation, as well as social experiences through its side events. This year, JMUN combines both conventional and UN4MUN procedure in one conference.

Angklung Performance at Closing Ceremony

We also have many cultural agenda to promote Indonesia culture such as Angklung, Traditional Dance, Ondel-Ondel, and many more to delegates. We often collaborate with Abang None or many communities out there to perform in Jakarta Model United Nations.

Visit our website on jakartamun.com and follow our instagram @jakartamun

What Is Populism and How to Mitigate It?

Author: A. A. Gede Basawantara

The 2016 US Presidential Election, Brexit, and Daenerys Stormborn of House Targaryen

Ever wonder how politicians like Donald Trump gain supporters? In ways that seem unusual, Donald Trump is widely known for his controversial presidential campaign, mainly his racist attitude. Yet, why are there people that still voted for him? Scholars called this phenomenon as ‘Populism’. Traced back since as early as Julius Caesar, populism, as according to Ganon et al. (2018), is defined as “…[T]he invocation of “the people” who are betrayed, wronged, or otherwise left vulnerable to forces outside their control.”

Based on the aforementioned definition, populism has several main traits. First, populism involves a homogenous group of people that feel “angry” and “resented” by the government. Second, populism is “… typically a reaction to a deep crisis, real or perceived.” These crises include economic crises (i.e. financial crisis, job losses), security crises (i.e. terrorism, climate change), and sovereignty crises (i.e. immigration). Finally, populism is typically an instrument of politics in a form of identity politics – where populists raise the notion of The Pure People vs. The Corrupt Elites.

In order to visualize these traits, let us take a look at a character from the Game of Thrones series, Daenerys Stormborn of House Targaryen, the First of Her Name, Queen of the Andals and the First Men, Protector of the Seven Kingdoms, the Mother of Dragons, the Khaleesi of the Great Grass Sea, the Unburnt, the Breaker of Chains. After witnessing the horrific condition of the people in the Slaver’s Bay, the Dragon Queen pledged herself to liberate all slaves in the area; encouraging them to stand against their ‘corrupt elites’, toppling down the elites, taking power, ruling over cities, and promoting “No More Slaves” notion. Similarly, Donald Trump’s presidential campaign promotes how the people should rise against the corrupt political elites while simultaneously taking advantage of his supporters’ emotions that are against immigrants, promoting “Make America Great Again” notion.

With that being said, does populism always come like that? Müller (2016) and Gagnon et al. argues that there are two types of populism, which are Right Populism – imbued with emotions, addressing crises through acts of racism, xenophobia, neonationalism, and sexism – and Left Populism – focuses on protecting democracy, upholding egalitarianism, and open to immigration. A very vivid example of these types of populism are Donald Trump – whose behavior depicts a Right-wing populist – and Bernie Sanders – whose behavior depicts Left-wing populist. However, Gagnon et al. (2018) disagree that populists can only be categorized into two polar. Gagnon et al. offer six cleavages in order to analyze a populist more comprehensively, which are: (1) Authoritarian vs. Democratic; (2) Market Fundamentalist vs. Redistributive; (3) Exclusionary vs. Inclusionary; (4) Xenophobic vs. Cosmopolitan; (5) Electoral vs. Participatory; and (6) Nostalgic vs. Aspirational. Through this, Gagnon et al. argue that even though Trump and Sanders are respectively authoritarian and democratic populists, both of them are also electoral populists (gain power in the government through the vote of the people).

Then, what are the impacts of populism? Let us take the case of Brexit as an example. In 2016, around 51 percent of population in the United Kingdom (UK) voted to leave the European Union (EU), mainly due to the voters’ resentment of immigrants in the UK. This phenomenon sparks the rise of racially-motivated crimes in the UK, reaching up to 70,000 reports in 2017-2018. Consequently, Brexit has resulted in the decline in the UK’s GDP by 2% in the first quarter of 2019 and has created uncertainty towards its international partners.

How do we mitigate populism? Cas Mudde and Antonio Argandoña offer several ideas to mitigate the issues caused by populism. First, political parties (established and emerging) should seek to propose inclusive visions and programs that deliver benefits for all citizens, not only for a part of the voters. Second, social media should be regulated and held accountable for damaging a pluralistic, fact-based and hate-free political debate, in the same way as traditional media. Third, participatory and deliberative platforms and initiatives (citizens’ assemblies, juries, forums) should be embedded into the decision-making processes to balance the oligarchic tendencies of electoral democracy. This could help to minimize a government to be out-of-reach and the people to feel being resented by the government. Finally, revising macroeconomic, taxation, industrial and commercial policies – for policies that are seem to create inequality among the people.
As the cherry on top, one question remains: is populism good or bad? We leave that for you to decide.

References:

Books
Mietzner, Marcus. Reinventing Asian Populism: Jokowi’s Rise Democracy, and Political Contestation in Indonesia. Honolulu: East-West Center, 2015
Müller, Jan-Werner. What is Populism?. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016

Journals
Argandoña, Antonio. “Why Populism Is Rising And How To Combat It”, Forbes, January 24, 2017. Accessed July 10, 2019, https://www.forbes.com/sites/iese/2017/01/24/why-populism-is-rising-and-how-to-combat-it/#629301491d44
Gagnon, Jean-Paul, Emily Beausoleil, Kyong-Min Son, Cleve Arguelles, Pierrick Chalaye, Callum N. Johnston. “What is Populism? Who is the Populist?” Democratic Theory 5, no. 2 (2018)

Websites/webpages
Mudde, Cas. “How Can Liberals Defeat Populism? Here are Four Ideas.” The Guardian, February 13, 2018. Accessed July 10, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/feb/13/liberals-populism-world-forum-democracy-5-ideas
“Brexit ‘Major Influence’ in Racism and Hate Crime Rise.” BBC, June 20, 2019. Accessed July 10, 2019, https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-48692863
“What Effect has Brexit had on the UK Economy?” BBC, February 10, 2019. Accessed July 10, 2019, https://www.bbc.com/news/business-47168866

Automation and Artificial Intelligence: Friend or Foe?

Author: Graciotto Van Handriyanto

“Will I lose my job?”

Millions of labors asked the same questions to their employer, government, and ultimately to the future. The rise of automation, be it by a simple robotics or a more complex artificial intelligence seems to make blue collar labor an ineffective means of production. Martin Ford, an American Futurist writes in his book Rise of Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future

“As robotics and advanced self-service technologies are increasingly deployed across nearly every sector of the economy, they will primarily threaten lower-wage jobs that requires modest levels of education and training. These jobs, however, currently make up the vast majority of the new positions being generate by the economy…”[1]

This issue transcends the concern of United States and developed countries and it even resonances throughout the globe inquiring states to decide a stance, are robots and AI a friend or foe?

To answer this question, we need to look back to the past and see how this very question has been perpetuated for decades. Thanks to innovations, machines and technologies has been constantly replacing human, and most of the time it is rather unpleasant.  The creation of digital camera for an example, renders the service of photo development shops useless. During the 1950s and early 1960, the concerns over automation and joblessness was so strong that the in 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson creates the “Blue-Ribbon National Commission on Technology, Automation, and Economic Progress” to confront the productivity problem of that period. [2] Matthew Yglesias argues that apparently despite of all the tragedy of innovations, the society as a whole always thrive. Innovations leads to a huge leap forward and on average, job growth continued and living standard rises.[3]

So, what happened? For starters, automation allows people to work less. Historically speaking, people work less hours and the economy doesn’t fail. Take employment to population ratio as an example, it grows from 55% in the 1950 to an average of 60% in 1980[4]. Wages also rose faster than inflation, generating wealth and welfare for the society in general. This too reduces inequality due to the fact that advance technologies are accessible to everyone instead of only limited to a small group of elites.

What’s next? The technology has evolved, creating changes beyond basic mechanical function. The rise of A.I leads to advance automation such as self-driving car or home assistants like Amazon’s Alexa and Google Assistant. Frey and Osborne wrote in their working paper that as technology advances and goes forward, low-skill workers will reallocate to tasks that are non-susceptible to computerization such as tasks that requires creative and social intelligence, and as such creative and social skill are necessary to win the race.[5] But in order to be utilized by the general public, technological advances needs to be accompanied by companies that can use them and the creation of practical products of the technology. Vox’s Ezra Klein argues that “developing technology turns out to be a lot easier than getting people – and particularly companies – to use it properly.”[6]

Friend or Foe? Changes would always be surprising for some, but in general it’s necessary to understand that it’s a step toward the future. Automation and artificial intelligence take our job, but jobs change throughout the years. Understand that all these technological developments are no foe, they assist us on daily basis and makes life easier for everyone. Man needs to adapt to the new form of jobs that requires creative and social skill and create companies that makes these advancements be used by and benefitting everyone. So, embrace technology as your friend and utilize its never-ending potential.

Footnotes:

[1] Martin Ford, Rise of Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future (New York: Basic Books, 2015), 26

[2] David H. Autor, “Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? The History and Future of Workplace Automation,” Journal of Economic Perspectives Vol. 29, No. 3 (2015): 3-4

[3] Matthew Yglesias, “The automation myth,” Vox, published on July 2015, and accessed on April 8th 2019, https://www.vox.com/2015/7/27/9038829/automation-myth

[4] “Database, Tables & Calculators by Subject: Employment-Population Ratio,” Bureau of Labor Statistics, accessed April 28th 2019, https://data.bls.gov/pdq/SurveyOutputServlet

[5] Carl B. Frey and Michael A. Osborne, “The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerization?” Technological Forecasting and Social Change No. 114 (2017):269

[6] Ezra Klein, “Technology is changing ho we live, but it needs to change how we work,” Vox, last updated September, 2016, and accessed on April 8th, 2019, https://www.vox.com/a/new-economy-future/technology-productivity